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Obligations
A binding agreement that will result in outlays, immediately or in the future.
Disbursements
Amounts paid by federal agencies, by cash or cash equivalent, during the fiscal year to liquidate government obligations.

Foreign Assistance Fast Facts: FY2012

  • The United States remained the world's largest bilateral donor, obligating approximately $48.4 billion—$31.2 billion in economic assistance and $17.2 billion in military assistance. By comparison, the United States obligated $30.7 billion and $18.3 billion, respectively, in FY2011.
  • $19.1 billion of the $31.2 billion in obligated U.S. economic assistance went to 182 countries; the rest was obligated to non-specified regions. Afghanistan received the most, approximately $3.3 billion, while Brunei received the least, just $3,950.
  • The U.S. disbursed $19.0 billion in economic assistance to 184 countries; it disbursed $14.2 billion in military assistance to 142 countries.

FY2012 Top 10 Recipients

  • Afghanistan remained the top recipient of total U.S. economic and military assistance—both obligations and disbursements—for a fifth consecutive year. Iraq had held the top spot FY2003–FY2007.
  • As was the case in 2011, Haiti ranked among the list of top ten recipients (obligations) yet failed to reach the top ten recipients (disbursements). West Bank/Gaza and Colombia dropped from the top ten recipients (disbursements), replaced by South Africa and Tanzania.
Top 10 Recipients of U.S. Economic and Military Assistance ObligaitonTop 10 Recipients of U.S. Economic and Military Assistace Disbursements

Economic Assistance

Funding

  • Twenty-one U.S. government agencies funded economic assistance activities in FY2012.
  • The five primary agencies providing bilateral economic assistance are the
    • Department of State,
    • U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID),
    • Department of the Treasury (Treasury),
    • U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA),
    • Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)
    Combined, these five agencies accounted for about 93 percent of total economic assistance (obligations).
U.S. Economic Assistance by Funding Agency
FY2012 U.S. Economic Assistance by Funding Agency
(in $US millions)
Funding agency Obligations Disbursements
U.S. Agency for International Development 11,739 10,789
Department of State 11,559 11,720
Department of the Treasury 2,829 2,851
Department of Agriculture 2,015 2,023
Department of Health and Human Services 755 595
Department of Energy 680 544
Department of Defense 486 467
Millennium Challenge Corporation 403 1,456
Peace Corps 369 376
Department of the Interior 225 180
Trade and Development Agency 38 37
African Development Foundation 30 32
Inter-American Foundation 25 26
Environmental Protection Agency 25 16
Department of Commerce 12 6
Department of Labor 9 10
Department of Justice 7 4
Department of Transportation 0 0
Federal Trade Commission 0 0
Department of Homeland Security 0 0
National Aeronautics and Space Administration 0 0
SOURCE: USAID Foreign Assistance Database (http://gbk.eads.usaidallnet.gov/).
a. Over 98 percent of the Department of Treasury's economic assistance obligations and disbursements are U.S. contributions to multilateral organizations.
Prepared by USAID Economic Analysis and Data Services.

Recipients—By Region (obligations)

  • Sub-Saharan Africa received the largest share of economic assistance—25 percent.
  • Of the 48 countries that received over $100 million in economic assistance, 20 were in Sub-Saharan Africa.
  • Of the 182 countries that received economic assistance in 2012,
    • 48 were in Sub-Saharan Africa,
    • 47 were in Europe and Eurasia,
    • 37 were in Asia,
    • 31 were in Latin America and the Caribbean,
    • 18 were in the Middle East and North Africa, and
    • 1 (Canada) was non-regionally specified.
U.S. Economic Assistance by Region
FY2012 Top 5 Recipients by Region of U.S. Economic Assistance
(Obligations, in $US millions)
Country 2011 2012
Asia
Afghanistan 2,667 3,326
Pakistan 759 1,138
Bangladesh 217 246
Indonesia 234 214
India 106 174
Europe and Eurasia
Russia 904 339
Ukraine 209 207
Georgia 88 78
Kyrgyzstan 60 77
Kazakhstan 90 76
Latin America and the Caribbean
Colombia 286 544
Haiti 1,198 510
Guatemala 153 130
Mexico 335 118
Peru 133 102
Middle East and North Africa
Jordan 536 832
Iraq 1,142 783
West Bank/Gaza 469 457
Yemen 79 237
Lebanon 115 141
Sub-Saharan Africa
Ethiopia 552 865
Kenya 865 746
Tanzania 453 399
South Sudan 344 395
Congo (Kinshasa) 403 370
SOURCE: USAID Foreign Assistance Database (http://gbk.eads.usaidallnet.gov/).
Prepared by USAID Economic Analysis and Data Services.

Recipients—By World Bank Income Group (obligations)

  • Low income countries received nearly a third of all U.S. economic assistance, more than any other income group.
U.S. Economic Assistance by Income Group
FY2012 Top 5 Recipients by Income Group of U.S. Economic Assistance
(Obligations, in $US millions)
Country 2011 2012
Low Income
Afghanistan 2,667 3,326
Ethiopia 552 865
Kenya 865 746
Haiti 1,198 510
Tanzania 453 399
Low-Middle Income
Pakistan 759 1,138
West Bank/Gaza 469 457
Nigeria 441 331
Sudan 524 298
Yemen 79 237
Upper-Middle Income
Jordan 536 832
Iraq 1,142 783
Colombia 286 544
South Africa 490 273
Lebanon 115 141
High Income
Russia 904 339
Israel 37 25
Canada 27 23
Poland 18 23
Lithuania 4 11
SOURCE: USAID Foreign Assistance Database (http://gbk.eads.usaidallnet.gov/).
NOTE: World Bank Income Groups divide economies according to 2012 GNI per capita, calculated using the World Bank Atlas method. The groups are:
  • low income, $1,035 or less;
  • lower-middle income, $1,036–4,085;
  • upper-middle income, $4,086–12,615; and
  • high income, $12,616 or more.
Prepared by USAID Economic Analysis and Data Services.

Implementing Partners (Channel of Aid Delivery)

Funding agencies may choose to implement aid programs themselves or work with other organizations as implementing partners through contracts or other binding agreements. The U.S. government and multilateral organizations—such as the World Bank, United Nations, and World Trade Organization—implement roughly 3 out of each 5 dollars (55 percent) of total U.S. economic assistance (obligations).

U.S. Economic Assistance by Implementing Partner Type